What are the benefits and disadvantages of “alternative” natural farming

Paper 2 – Richard Manning, Michael Pollan & Research. 

As agribusiness continues to expand in a global economy, will we find that the old ways of farming are the more effective ways, or will we find that current multiculture practices are needed to keep up with the demands of an ever-expanding world population? Using Michael Pollan’s essay “The Animals: Practicing Complexity,” (attached) and Richard Manning’s essay “The Oil We Eat: Following the Food Chain Back to Iraq,” (attached) and three outside sources of your choice write a paper in which you evaluate the advantages of multiculture-based farming methods versus monoculture-based farming methods in food production. Consider the following: What are the benefits and disadvantages of “alternative” natural farming? What are the benefits and disadvantages of farming with biotechnology, in the form of vaccines, disease-resistant crop varieties, chemical fertilizers, and genetically modified seeds? Are complexity and multiculture more or less efficient than simplicity and monoculture?
References of 3 outside sources:

 

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40970994?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Madsen, Richard. “Global Monoculture, Multiculture, and Polyculture.” Social Research, vol.

60, no. 3, 1993, p. 493 -511

 

  1. Reconciling biodiversity conservation and food security: scientific challenges for a new agriculture (attached)

Lijbert Brussaard, Patrick Caron, Bruce Campbell, Leslie Lipper, Susan Mainka, Rudy Rabbinge, Didier Babin and Mirjam Pulleman

 

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2626366?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Lori Ann Thrupp, author. “Linking Agricultural Biodiversity and Food Security: The Valuable Role of Sustainable Agriculture.” International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), no. 2, 2000, p. 265 – 281

 

Requirements:

  • Revised (Final) Drafts should be 4-5 pages long (this means minimumlength is 4 full pages: go onto top of pg. 5 at the least if not full).
  • All papers should conform to proper MLA style.
  • Use Times New Roman 12 Font ONLY, double-spaced, one-inch margin all around.
  • All drafts should be proofread for error. Your name should appear on the first page and in the header of every page along with the page number.
  • Papers should have a creative title.
  • All paragraphs should have a quote from Pollan’s essay as well as one of the other sources
  • Remember: ALL papers should include an introduction paragraph, three to four paragraphs arguing a different point supporting your thesis, conclusion, and the future

Criteria for Evaluation:

  • Argument:Argument directly and fully answers the prompt; is clearly stated early in the paper; is original, compelling and logical, avoiding absolute claims
  • Evidence: Appropriate amount of relevant, accurate, and justifiably interpreted quotation. Quotations are thoroughly introduced, explained, analyzed, and connected to argument. Quotes should not be at the end of a paragraph. Possible counter-arguments are considered.
  • Organization: Paragraphs maintain argumentative focus, exclude extraneous information, appear in a logical order, and transition smoothly. Introduction sets forth argument and goals of essay. Conclusion opens up avenues for future research.
  • Audience: Consistent, academic tone. Appropriate amount of contextual information, anticipating audience questions. Addresses significant issues and makes them important to audience.
  • Grammar and Format: Errors in grammar, spelling, and usage limited or non-existent. Correct MLA format, including proper quotation citation.

 

– Papers should have a creative title.

Remember to use these Checkpoints:

  1. This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome
    Argument: Argument directly and fully answers prompt; it is clearly stated early in paper (in the thesis statement); is original, compelling, and logical, avoiding absolute claims.
  2. This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome
    Evidence: Appropriate amount of relevant, accurate, and justifiably interpreted quotations. Every body paragraph contains quotes. Quotation are introduced, explained, analyzed, and connected to overall argument/other texts. Possible counter-arguments considered. Quotations are NEVER dropped in.
  3. This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome
    Organization: Paragraphs maintain argumentative focus, exclude extraneous information, appear in a logical order, and transition smoothly. Introduction sets forth argument and goals of essay. Each paragraph argues ONE topic, clearly relevant to overall argument. Conclusion opens up avenues for further research/thought.
  4. This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome:
    Attention to Audience: Consistent academic tone. Appropriate amount of contextual information, anticipating audience questions. Addresses significant issues and makes them important to audience.

 

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