The archaeological record


The archaeological record is a non-renewable resource. While some sites are well preserved, many others are in severe danger of being lost forever. Some of these threatened sites belong to the larger UNESCO World Heritage List. As of June 2016, this list “includes 1031 properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee considers as having outstanding universal value.” (quote from (链接到外部网站。)).

Archaeological sites such as Cahokia in the USA, Tikal in Guatemala, Mahabalipuram in India, the Great Pyramids of Egypt and numerous others hold the World Heritage designation. While all sites face difficulties, not all are on the Endangered List, so we’ll concentrate on the sites in the direst situations (see URL below). (Natural formations are also on the list, such as the Grand Canyon in the USA, the Great Barrier Reef of Australia, and Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries of China, but we’ll focus our attention on only the archaeological sites for this exercise. Do not use natural formations as they will not count for credit.)


  1. Review the material in Chapter 6 of your textbook (Lavenda & Schultz 2015).
  2. Choose one of the archaeological sites on the “List of World Heritage in Danger” from this website: (链接到外部网站。). Make sure your choice is an archaeological designated as a “Cultural site” and not a natural site. (No credit for natural sites.)



Answer the following questions as thoroughly as you can. Be sure to cite evidence/references where necessary. Label your responses according to the number of the question. Provide the following information in your own words:

  1. Basic Information: Name of the site, country, geographical location, environment, age of remains, cultural affiliation of remains, description of the major remains at the site. (Answer should be a few paragraphs.)
  2. Photo: Provide a photo of the site. You can download photos from the UNESCO website provided above, then upload the photo to your Canvas files and include it in your post. (Do not post as an attachment.)
  3. Significance of Site: why this site has the World Heritage designation.
  4. Threats to the Site: why this site is on the endangered sites list.
  5. Solutions to threats: As a world citizen, what are your ideas about how to protect this site from disappearing from the archaeological record? What can be done? How can you help!?
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